World Food Day/Journée Mondiale de l’alimentation

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Source: TimeandDate

World Food Day is annually held on October 16 to commemorate the founding of the United Nations’ (UN) Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Each year has a different theme.

Public Life

World Food Day is a global observance and not a public holiday.

Background

The FAO aims to raise levels of nutrition across the globe, improve agricultural productivity at all levels, enhance the lives of rural populations and contribute to the growth of the world economy. It also provides assistance to countries changing their agricultural policy, to aid regions out of famine situations, to help implement appropriate technology and facilitate a neutral environment to discuss issues around food production.

At the FAO’s 20th session in Rome, Italy, in November 1979 the conference called for the observance of World Food Day on October 16, 1981, and on the same date each year. The UN General Assembly ratified this decision on December 5, 1980, and urged governments and international, national and local organizations to contribute to observing World Food Day. World Food Day has been held each year since 1981.

Symbols

The FAO’s symbol consists of a circle. Inside the circle is a graphical image of an ear of wheat and the letters F, A and O. The FAO’s motto “fiat panis” (let there be bread) appears under the ear of wheat. The first version of this design was a badge distributed to delegates at an FAO conference in Copenhagen in 1946. The current version was registered with the United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property on July 1, 1964, and has been used widely since about 1977.

A World Food Day official symbol consists of three abstract human figures harvesting, distributing and sharing food. The figures are depicted in a bluish-grey color and the food in an orange shade. This draws attention to the food. The whole image aims to bring attention to the necessity and joy of growing, harvesting and distributing food.

Action:

Many events are organized on and around World Food Day.  UN organizations and universities around the world organize symposia, conferences, workshops and presentations of particular issues around food production, distribution and security. In addition, special initiatives, such as the “International Year of Rice” in 2004 and the “International Year of the Potato” in 2008 were launched.

Across the globe, many different events are organized to raise awareness of problems in food supply and distribution and to raise money to support projects to aid in the cultivation of food plants and the distribution of food. An example of this is TeleFood, which funds micro projects to help small-scale farmers at the grassroots level. The projects aim to help farmers be more productive and improve both local communities’ access to food and farmers’ cash income. Fundraising events include sponsored sports events, charity auctions, concerts, and marches.

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Source: Journée mondiale

Chaque année, le 16 octobre, l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture célèbre la Journée mondiale de l’alimentation, qui commémore la date de sa création, en 1945.

La naissance de l’agriculture

Bien que le passage de la chasse et de la cueillette à une production alimentaire fondée sur la culture et l’élevage – autrement dit, la naissance de l’agriculture – se soit produit de façon indépendante dans de nombreuses régions du monde voilà environ 10 000 ans, l’histoire de l’agriculture est riche d’exemples d’échanges interculturels aux conséquences majeures. La première trace archéologique d’activité agricole en Europe atteste d’une technologie avancée, en l’absence d’outils plus élémentaires.

Selon une théorie en vigueur, les populations du Moyen-Orient auraient apporté en Europe leurs outils et leurs technologies. Il semblerait que de telles migrations de populations agricoles aient eu lieu en Afrique, en Amérique centrale et du Sud, en Chine, en Inde et en Asie du Sud-Est.

Pourquoi ces individus se sont-ils déplacés? L’agriculture, en offrant une source de nourriture plus sûre, entraînait un accroissement de la population, dont une partie finissait par migrer vers de nouvelles terres pour éviter la surpopulation.

Action:

Lutter contre le gaspillage alimentaire

Le gouvernement fraçais a lancé, en 2013, une contribution à la journée de l’alimentation sous la forme d’une journée nationale de lutte contre le gaspillage alimentaire. L’objectif affiché est de diviser par deux les quantités jetées. Nous ne pouvons ici que saluer cette initiative en stigmatisant les comportements des sociétés “riches” par rapport à l’alimentation !