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Learn more about the ongoing negotiations

Agreement on the texts of the collective agreement

The representatives of the FSE-CSQ and QPAT at the sectorial negotiating table finalized with the employers, on Wednesday, October 27, an agreement on the texts modifying the collective agreement resulting from the agreement in principle concluded on May 27.

The goal, after a final revision, is to sign the new collective agreement the week of November 15. In the event that the new collective agreement comes into force during the week of November 15, the payment of the first lump sum relating to the period from April 1, 2019 to March 31, 2020 would take place around mid-December (in the 30 days after signing). In all cases, the second lump sum, relating to the period from April 1, 2020 to March 31, 2021, will be paid with the pay immediately preceding January 15, 2022.

Retroactive salary increases (increase in salaries for the first and last steps, substitute, hourly and by-the-lesson rates retroactively to April 1, 2020) would be payable around mid-January (within 60 days of the signature), so perhaps at the same time as the second lump sum. The new rates of pay should also start to be paid at the same time.

More details will be available shortly, particularly regarding the concrete measures coming into force on the date of signing of the collective agreement.

From sectorial settlement proposal to signature of the collective agreement

Many of you have asked what is currently going on regarding the signature of the collective agreement. Below is a brief overview of the process so far.

First, it is important to remember that the teachers’ collective agreement is divided into two components: a sectorial component (working conditions specific to teachers) and an intersectorial component (working conditions applicable to all public service employees), including salary increases, retirement, parental rights and regional disparities. These two components are negotiated separately by two different negotiating teams.

The sectorial agreement

Last spring, the sectorial settlement proposed by the government for the renewal of the collective agreement was accepted by 88% of members at general assemblies of unions affiliated with the Quebec Provincial Association of Teachers (QPAT). The sectorial proposal was approved by the FSE-CSQ Conseil fédéral at a meeting on May 17.

The intersectorial agreement

A proposed settlement for the intersectorial agreement was accepted in principle at the end of the last school year and was presented to the delegations of CSQ affiliate unions on June 30, at the Conseil général des négociations (CGN). The CSQ affiliate unions concerned have been holding general assemblies since the new school year began, so that their members can vote on the proposal. The results must be sent to the CSQ no later than September 30.

The CGN will receive the results in the following days, and if there is a majority in favour of the proposal, it will confirm that an agreement has been reached for the renewal of the collective agreements.

What happens next

While the negotiation establishes the principles underlying the changes to be made to the new collective agreement, the clauses of that agreement must still be written. The FSE-CSQ/QPAT negotiating team has been working with the employer party since May 17 to draft the texts for the sectorial agreement in principle. This is a rigorous task that demands a great deal of time and care, to ensure that the elements accepted by the parties are truly reflected in the collective agreement text. Nevertheless, it is expected to be completed in the near future.

These types of delays before a new agreement can be signed are entirely normal. The 2015- 2020 collective agreement was not signed until six months after the agreement in principle was

reached, and in the case of the 2010-2015 agreement, it was almost a year. If the 2020-2023 agreement is signed in the near future, as is hoped, then it will have taken between four and five months to complete the drafting phase, including the summer break.

Application of some provisions prior to signature

An unusual administrative agreement was entered into by QPAT and the government, to apply certain provisions of the new agreement from the beginning of the new school year even though the agreement itself has not yet been signed. The provisions in question mostly concern the addition of teaching resources or student services that are needed immediately.

Payment of retroactive salary increases and lump sum amounts

Full details of the new salary scales (full-time and part-time), and the new rates applicable to casual supply teachers and teachers paid by the hour or by the lesson, have already been, or will shortly be presented to you at a general assembly in September. The new salaries and rates will be applied after the collective agreement has been signed.

A portion of the salary increase is retroactive to the 141st day of the 2019-2020 school year (around April 1, 2020). The time at which the retroactive increase will be paid has not yet been formally decided. As an example, the retroactive amounts obtained under the 2015-2020 collective agreement were to be paid within 60 days of signature.

As for the two lump sum amounts, the government’s proposal provides that the first will be paid within 30 days after signature of the collective agreement, and the second will be added to the pay cheque preceding January 15, 2022. In both cases, the amount is $602.68 for a full-time equivalent. Again, full details have been or will be provided at the general assembly.

Things are therefore proceeding normally.

In the collective agreement renewal negotiations, the FSE-CSQ and QPAT finally obtained a sectorial settlement proposal from the Treasury Board. After a meeting of the Conseil federal (the political body of the FSE), the FSE-CSQ and QPAT have decided to “lift the veil” imposed by the employer party and submit the proposed settlement to the teachers, via general assemblies. In the circumstances, this cannot be described as an agreement in principle, because in spite of some interesting gains, we do not feel we have achieved all the goals you set at the beginning of the negotiations. Since it is your daily lives that are at stake, it is up to you, and you alone, to decide whether or not you are satisfied with the outcome.

Below is a brief history of the negotiations, along with the main elements of the settlement proposal. A more complete presentation will of course be made at your local general assemblies.

Main steps in the negotiation process 

  • The union filed its demands on October 18, 2019, the employer filed its response on December 17, 2019, and the “traditional” negotiation began in January 2020;
  • On March 13, 2020, the whole of Québec was placed “on pause” because of the pandemic. At the time, the Government asked us to continue the negotiations despite the health crisis affecting the province;
  • At the end of June 2020, the FSE-CSQ and QPAT requested mediation with a view to obtaining a strike mandate;
  • The negotiations dragged on throughout the fall, with an even more insulting offer by the employer in October. In December and January, the FSE-CSQ and QPAT, like the other CSQ unions, consulted their members to obtain strike mandates;
  • The day after the strike mandates were announced, on February 2, 2021, the CSQ and the FSE-CSQ were invited by the Treasury Board president to sit at a new “restricted” table for an intensified “exploratory” negotiation, which was to be kept “under wraps”;
  • On April 1, 2021, the FSE-CSQ and QPAT announced the first strike day. The negotiations intensified as a result;
  • On April 14, 2021, an historical first-ever short-duration “innovative” strike was carried out by the FSE-CSQ and QPAT;
  • After the FSE-CSQ and QPAT received a settlement proposal considered insufficient by the Conseil federal, the discussions resumed at the negotiating table and led to the submission of a new, improved proposal on April 21, 2021;
  • On April 23, 2021, the FSE-CSQ Conseil fédéral and QPAT decided to submit the sectorial settlement proposal to the members’ general assemblies, for a decision.
  • On May 17, all the FSE-CSQ and QPAT unions will report on their general assemblies to the Conseil fédéral.

Main elements of the proposed sectorial settlement

The FSE-CSQ and QPAT have constantly demanded significant improvements in their four main priority areas, namely class composition and services for students with special needs, a significantly lighter workload, remuneration for all teachers, and precarity and professional insertion. The information given below is by no means exhaustive, and more details will be provided for each priority area at the general assemblies. 

Specific remuneration for teachers

  • On the 141st day of the 2019-2020 school year: increase of the first six salary steps and a 1.5% increase of the last step (retroactive);
  • On the 141st day of the 2021-2022 school year: increase of 3.46% for the last step (combined increase of 5% for the last step); 
  • On March 31, 2023, merging of steps 3 and 4, i.e. removal of one step from the salary scale. Step advancements will take place on this date instead of on July 1.

*Attention: Note that the salary increases to be given to all public service employees will be added to these amounts. The general increases are still being negotiated in the public sector, including by the CSQ, which represents us and is continuing with mobilization. For the time being, they are proposing a minimum increase over three years of 1.75%, 1.75% and 1.5%, plus a possible increase of up to 1% based on inflation and economic growth, and two lump sum amounts. At the end of the negotiations, teachers in Québec will have a single salary scale. 

Class composition and services for students with special needs

  • One student less per group for kindergarten (4 and 5 year-old) classes in disadvantaged communities;
  • Addition of 225 special classes throughout the network (75 per year for each of the next three years);
  • For the FSE-CSQ and QPAT, creation of roughly 300 new regular groups in elementary schools, in communities not classified as disadvantaged, to reduce the pressure caused by the high number of students with individualized education plans;
  • For multigrade classes, a guaranteed amount of $675 per year to use from the beginning of the school year, in particular for releases (equivalent of two to three days per homeroom teacher).


  • At preschool level, a half-hour reduction of learning and preparation activities, but no change to the length of the workload;
  • In elementary schools, most supervision time entrusted to other job categories, among other things by replacing this time with pedagogical remediation;
  • Guarantee of full autonomy for teachers to decide on the use of at least 10% of professional development days;
  • Additional release of one day per year in Grade 6 and half a day in Grade 4, to correct ministerial examinations; this is in addition to the releases already provided for in the budgetary rules;
  • For adult education, addition of the equivalent of two professional development days (increase to 32 hours and consideration of pedagogical follow-up when preparing the workload).

Note that the employer has stepped back its demand to decompartmentalize the workload. The workload will be annualized in future, but work of a personal nature will still be protected. Mandatory presence at school will be reduced from 32 hours per week to an average of 30 hours per week.

Precarity and professional insertion

  • Mentorships: Instead of the “Master” teachers the employer wanted, a workload release for nearly 1,000 mentor teachers (FSE-CSQ and QPAT), with possible occasional releases from courses and lessons for the teachers being mentored, in addition to complementary workload releases;
  • In vocational training, addition of recognized time in the complementary workload to take Bachelor’s degree courses and hence encourage teachers to obtain legal qualifications;
  • In vocational training and adult education, reduction of the number of hours formerly required to trigger a part-time contract (144 hours in vocational training and 200 hours in adult education).


  • Possibility of using six sick days for personal reasons, with 24-hour prior notice, to foster work-family reconciliation;
  • Depending on the teacher’s individual situation, possibility of attaching death leave to the death itself or to the funeral that follows.

Clearly, the sectorial settlement proposal is too long to present in its entirety in this document. There is still a lot to say and to explain, and your local union will present the proposal in detail. QPAT recommends that it be adopted. It is therefore up to you to decide whether this proposal constitutes a sectorial settlement, bearing in mind that the negotiations are continuing for the intersectorial portion (salaries, retirement, parental rights and regional disparities), for which mobilization is ongoing. If you have not yet been contacted, you will receive an invitation shortly to submit your opinion at a virtual assembly, using the method decided by your union. This Info-Nego will help with the process of reflection.



In February 2021, the FSE-CSQ and QPAT began negotiating at a brand new table, with a limited number of representatives. The aim of this was to speed up the talks and facilitate exploratory discussions, which we were asked to “keep under wraps”. Since we are still at this phase of the negotiations, we must abide by the instructions we have received, meaning that we cannot tell you about the content of the discussions. We are sorry about this.

However, we can tell you that considerable progress was made at the negotiating table after we announced, in February, that we had obtained a strike mandate, and especially so since April 1, when we announced the first short-term strike for the morning of April 14. Thank you!

You can be proud not only of the mobilization, but also of its innovative nature, which has clearly helped to increase the pressure on the employer. Your impressive participation and tireless determination has pushed the process forward and brought us closer to achieving our aims, although there is still some way to go.

Since the beginning, the FSE-CSQ and QPAT have asked for significant improvements to the following four major priority areas:

Class composition and services for students with special needs
A significantly lighter workload
Job insecurity and professional integration

Although the discussions are centred on some interesting elements, many of which were introduced by the FSE-CSQ and QPAT, our position remains unchanged: although others may have accepted proposals based on their own goals and mandates, the employer’s proposals currently on the table do not improve the everyday lives of teachers sufficiently to form a basis for an agreement in principle that would address your needs and your legitimate expectations with respect to the priorities that have been maintained since negotiations began. In other words, there are still some complicated issues to be resolved, in particular with respect to the workload, and we intend to continue with the pressure and with the negotiations until they can be resolved.

This is the unanimous conclusion of the FSE-CSQ Conseil fédéral, which took place on April 15 to 17.

It was for this reason that a second short-term strike notice was issued on the evening of April 15. This time, the strike will be held on the afternoon of April 27. At the end of this second strike, we will have exercised the equivalent of just one half-day of the five strike days for which you voted at the assemblies.

We are convinced that by maintaining the pressure, thanks to your commitment to the cause, we will be able to improve the working conditions of teachers. It is especially important not to relax now, as the finish line draws closer. Your support and energy will help us to continue to move forward!

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